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Types of hip fractures and Treatment

Types of hip fractures and Treatment

Hip fractures are a common injury, especially in older people. They can make it hard to move around and harm your quality of life. Understanding the different kinds of hip fractures and the various treatment methods is essential for effective care and healing. Through this blog let us learn a general review of the different types of hip fractures and the treatments that can help people return to their everyday lives.

Types of Hip Fractures

  1. Intracapsular Fractures:
  • Subcapital Fractures: These fractures occur just below the ball of the femur within the hip joint. They are often associated with reduced blood supply to the bone, complicating healing.
  • Transcervical Fractures: These fractures extend through the neck of the femur, which connects the ball to the shaft. They have a higher risk of displacement, requiring prompt medical attention.
  1. Extracapsular Fractures:
  • Intertrochanteric Fractures: These fractures occur between the greater and lesser trochanters of the femur. They are more common among older adults and are typically treated surgically using fixation devices or hip replacement.
  1. Subtrochanteric Fractures:
  • These fractures occur just below the lesser trochanter of the femur. High-energy trauma is frequently the cause of them, and stabilization requires surgical intervention.


  1. Nonsurgical Treatment:
  • Nonsurgical treatment may be considered for stable fractures that are minimally displaced or in patients with limited mobility. This typically involves using crutches or a walker, pain management, and physiotherapy to regain strength and mobility. However, nonsurgical treatment is not suitable for most hip fractures due to the risk of complications and prolonged immobility.

2. Hip Fracture Surgery Types:

  • Hip Pinning: Hip fractures can sometimes be treated with internal fixation. This involves using screws, plates, or rods to stabilize the fracture and allow for proper healing. Hip pinning is commonly used for certain intracapsular fractures or stable extracapsular fractures.
  • Hip Replacement: A total hip replacement is necessary for more complex fractures or cases where the hip joint is severely damaged. This surgical procedure involves replacing the damaged hip joint with an artificial one, which can reduce pain and improve movement.
  • Partial Hip Replacement: In exceptional cases, a partial hip replacement, also known as a hemiarthroplasty, may be performed. This involves replacing only the damaged portion of the hip joint, typically the ball, while leaving the socket intact. Partial hip replacement is commonly used for certain types of fractures in older patients.
  • External Fixation: In rare cases where internal fixation is not possible or appropriate, external fixation may be considered. This involves stabilizing the fracture by using pins or screws outside the body.

Hip injuries can have a significant effect on a person’s ability to move and on their health as a whole. Understanding the different kinds of hip fractures and available treatments is essential for managing and improving them. Getting the proper treatment right away can help people recover their freedom, relieve pain, and improve their quality of life. This can be done with or without surgery. If you or someone you know breaks their hip, you should talk to a doctor or nurse for a complete evaluation and a personalized treatment plan.

Are you looking for the best orthopaedic care in Hyderabad? Visit the Ortho360 Clinic, which is run by Dr Kartheek Telagareddy, a well-known orthopaedic expert committed to giving excellent care. Whether you have joint pain, a broken bone, a sports injury, or any other orthopaedic problem, our office can help you with everything you need. With modern infrastructure and a focus on the patient, we put your health first and work to improve your movement and quality of life. Don’t let orthopaedic problems slow you down. Make an appointment with Dr Kartheek Telagareddy at Ortho360 Clinic today to take the first step towards improving. Get help from an expert you can trust.


How long does it take to recover from a hip fracture?

Recovery time varies depending on factors such as the individual's overall health, the type of fracture, and the chosen treatment. It can range from several weeks to months. Rehabilitation and physical therapy play a crucial role in regaining strength and mobility.

What are the potential complications associated with hip fractures?

: Complications may include blood clots, infection, pressure sores, muscle weakness, joint stiffness, or the development of avascular necrosis.

Can hip fractures be prevented?

No, all hip fractures can not be prevented; measures such as regular exercise, maintaining bone health through a balanced diet and adequate calcium and vitamin D intake, using assistive devices for balance and stability, and fall prevention strategies can help reduce the risk.

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